Jürgen Moltmann on The Holy Spirit as a Feminine Spirit

Is God a “She”? Jürgen Moltmann thinks so! Moltmann believes the Holy Spirit should be referred to with feminine attributes and names, such as “she” or “her” or “mother”. This may be alarming to some evangelicals today, especially those use gender-inclusive languages for the purpose of scrubbing feminism out of the bible (compare the translation of Romans 16:7 in the ESV to the NRSV). Divine Femininity appears frequently in the bible and in Church History: The apostles describe themselves as “nursing mothers” (1 Thess 2:7) and God himself as well (Isa 49:15), and Jesus also in a maternal reference to Jerusalem like a mother hen (Matt 23:37).  A simple search of the Bible reveals that the Divine Femininity appears frequently! In the following quotation from Moltmann’s The Spirit of Life: A Universal Affirmation, several examples of feminine and maternal images of God are discussed in a polemic explaining why Moltmann believes that the Holy Spirit should be “termed a ‘feminine’ Spirit.” Moltmann’s famous for his Social Doctrine of the Trinity, that sees the three persons of the one god as a society, emphasizing the three over the one, and the Divine Femininity brings the Trinity closer to the analogy of a nuclear family, such that … Continue reading Jürgen Moltmann on The Holy Spirit as a Feminine Spirit